If you are new to Windows 10 and want to create a secure workstation for your personal or professional use, this blog post is for you. In this post, I will show you how to set up a Windows 10 workstation with some basic security features that will help you protect your data and privacy. Here are the steps you need to follow:
1. Install Windows – If you bought a new computer with Windows 10 already installed, you can skip this step. You can download the latest version of Windows 10 from Microsoft’s website or use a USB flash drive to install it. Make sure you have a valid product key and choose the edition that suits your needs. You can also customize the installation settings, such as language, region, keyboard layout, and privacy options.
2. Strong Password – Create a strong password for your user account. When you set up your Windows 10 workstation, you will be asked to create a user account and a password. Choose a password that is hard to guess and easy to remember. You can use a combination of uppercase and lowercase letters, numbers, and symbols. Start with a password that is at least 12 characters long. You can also use a password manager to generate and store all your passwords securely.
3. Disk Encryption – Enable BitLocker encryption on your hard drive. BitLocker is a feature that encrypts your hard drive and helps prevent unauthorized access to your data. To enable BitLocker, go to Settings > Update & Security > Device encryption and click on Turn on. You will need to enter your password or PIN to confirm the action. BitLocker will encrypt your hard drive in the background and you can continue using your computer normally.
4. Windows Defender – Turn on Windows Defender Firewall and antivirus. Windows Defender is built-in security software that protects your computer from malware and other threats. To turn on Windows Defender Firewall, go to Settings > Update & Security > Windows Security > Firewall & network protection and click on Turn on. To turn on Windows Defender antivirus, go to Settings > Update & Security > Windows Security > Virus & threat protection and click on Turn on.
5. Apply Vendor Updates – Update Windows 10 regularly. Updating Windows 10 is important to keep your workstation secure and up-to-date. Windows 10 will automatically check for updates and install them when they are available. You can also manually check for updates by going to Settings > Update & Security > Windows Update and clicking on Check for updates.
6. Avoid Public Wi-Fi – Use a VPN service when connecting to public Wi-Fi networks. A VPN (virtual private network) is a service that encrypts your internet traffic and hides your IP address from prying eyes. Using a VPN can help you protect your online privacy and security when you connect to public Wi-Fi networks, such as at cafes, hotels, or airports. There are many VPN services available online, some of them are free and some of them are paid. Choose a VPN service that has good reviews, fast speed, and strong encryption.
7. Risky Applications – Install only trusted apps from the Microsoft Store or official websites. Installing apps from unknown sources can expose your workstation to malware and other risks. To avoid this, install only trusted apps from the Microsoft Store or official websites of the developers. You can also use Windows Sandbox, a feature that lets you run apps in an isolated environment without affecting your main system.
8. Regular Backups – Backing up your data is essential to prevent data loss in case of hardware failure, malware infection, or accidental deletion. You can backup your data using an external hard drive, a cloud service, or a network location. To backup your data using an external hard drive, go to Settings > Update & Security > Backup and click on Add a drive. Choose your external hard drive and click on More options to customize your backup settings.
9. Suspicious Messages – Use common sense and good security practices when browsing the web or opening emails. The most important security tip is to use common sense and good security practices when browsing the web or opening emails. Do not click on suspicious links or attachments, do not enter your personal or financial information on unsecured websites, do not download or run files from unknown sources, do not share your passwords or PINs with anyone, and do not use public computers or devices for sensitive tasks.
By following these steps, you can create a secure Windows workstation that will help you work efficiently and safely.
[If you want to use Windows 11, the steps are the same, but the step-by-step instructions are slightly different.]